As a result of the ongoing exploration of Mars and the several unmanned and possibly manned missions planned for the near future, increased attention has been given to the use of the natural resources of the planet for rocket propellant production and energy generation. Since the atmosphere of Mars consists of approximately 95% carbon dioxide (CO2), this gas is the resource of choice to be employed for these purposes. Since many metals burn vigorously with CO2, these may be used as an energy source or as propellants for a research vehicle on the surface of Mars. Shafirovich and Goldshleger conducted experiments with spherical particles up to 2.5 mm in diameter and found that the burning process was controlled by diffusion and that the particles exhibited pulsating combustion due to superheating of the Mg vapor trapped inside a protective oxide shell. They also proposed a reaction mechanism based on the gas-phase reaction, Mg + CO2 yields MgO + CO and the heterogeneous reaction Mg + CO yields MgO + C occurring on the sample surface. In all the above studies with large Mg particles, the burning process is invariably influenced by strong convective currents that accelerate the combustion reaction and shorten the burning times. Although these currents are nearly absent in the burning of small particles, the high emissivity of the flames, rapid reaction, and small length scales make the gathering of any useful information on burning rates and flame structure very difficult. The goal of this investigation is to provide a detailed study of flame structure by taking advantage of large, free-floating spherical metal samples and their corresponding long burning times available in a weightless environment. The use of reduced gravity is essential to eliminate the intrusive buoyant flows that plague high temperature metal reactions, to remove the destructive effect of gravity on the shape of molten metal samples, and to study the combustion behavior of metals in the presence of solid oxides undisturbed by natural convection. This work presents the most complete modeling of metal particle burning to date for Mg with CO2 and O2.